by NEWSNER , 2021-07-30 13:14:02
The OBC reservation in the all-India quota for medical education has been a long-standing demand from medical students. Several lawsuits have been filed in various courts across the country, but the matter has remained unresolved for a long period.
According to the announcement, the decision reflects the government's commitment to providing adequate reservations for backward and EWS students.
This decision, according to the statement, is also in line with considerable reforms in the field of medical education that has taken place since 2014. In the last six years, the number of MBBS seats in the country has climbed by 56%, from 54,348 in 2014 to 84,649 in 2020, while the number of PG seats has increased by 80%, from 30,191 in 2014 to 54,275 in 2020. 179 additional medical colleges were formed within the same time period, bringing the total number of medical colleges in the country to 558.
The Supreme Court directed the creation of the AIQ seats in medicine in 1984. All states were required to give a "central pool" 15% of undergraduate and 50% of postgraduate medical and dentistry seats in state-run universities, with the rest going to a "state pool." The All India Quota (AIQ) is the "central pool," and students from all around the country are eligible to apply.
Up until 2007, there were no reservations in the AIQ Scheme. In 2007, the Supreme Court amended the AIQ Scheme to include 15% reservations for Scheduled Castes (SCs) and 7.5 percent reservations for Scheduled Tribes (STs). When the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act went into effect in 2007, it mandated that all Central Educational Institutions, including Safdarjung Hospital, Lady Hardinge Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, and Banaras Hindu University, provide a uniform 27 percent reservation for OBCs. This did not apply to AIQ seats in State medical and dentistry colleges.